Multiple Benefits Laparoscopic Surgery
Laparoscopic surgery is today one of the most used procedures in the world due to its multiple benefits, however, this procedure is not exempt from complications. The fundamental objective of this study is to capture the most important complications of laparoscopic surgery. The research design that carries out is documentary or bibliographical. Laparoscopic Trainer Box
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One of the most widely used classification systems for the severity of these complications is that of Clavien and Dindo, which allows the terms to standardizes. The main complications of laparoscopic surgery are vascular and intestinal injuries, but gallbladder and urethral injuries, hernias, and infections, among others of lesser severity and frequency, also tend to occur. In conclusion,
Complications Of Laparoscopic Surgery
Laparoscopic medical procedure is today perhaps the most generally utilized methodology worldwide for its many advantages, nonetheless, this strategy does not exclude from intricacies. The primary goal of this study is to catch the main intricacies of laparoscopic medical procedure.
The research design that carries out is documentary or bibliographic. One of the classification systems of the severity of these most used complications is that of Clavien and Dindo, which allows the terms to standardizes. The primary entanglements of laparoscopic medical procedure are vascular and gastrointestinal sores, however vesicular and urethral sores, hernias, and contaminations normally happen, among others of lesser seriousness and recurrence.
The continuous innovations in the world of medical surgery, every day incorporates new techniques with less invasion, are less aggressive and with greater benefits for patients, both for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases. One of these types of minimally invasive surgeries and most widely used worldwide constitutes by Laparoscopy.
Roots of Laparoscopy
About the meaning of the term explain that the Greek root láparos translates as soft or loose, later this word changed to lápara which referred to the flanks of the abdomen, probably due to the softness of the abdomen. the same. Later, the usage evolved to finally come to mean abdomen. On the other hand, the Greek verb skopó means to look or observe. From this combination of the two words originates the word laparoscopy, which means to see inside the abdomen.
The laparoscopic surgical procedure uses a thin tube called a laparoscope; this instrument inserts into the abdomen through a small incision. This tube characterizes by having a camera connected through which signals sends to a video monitor, which allows the surgeon to observe the interior of the body, causing minimal damage, hence the equivalent term of minimally invasive surgery. Among its advantages with respect to open surgery are: the minimum stays of the patient in the hospital, faster recovery, less pain and minimizing scars.
Likewise, laparoscopy used in the treatment of diseases, it carries out through one or more small incisions, through which small tubes, cameras and tiny surgical instruments introduce into the body. These minimally invasive surgeries are less risky compared to open surgery, however, there are risks of complications related to anesthesia, vessel or organ injury, bleeding, and infection.
About the low percentages of complications, report that, in a review of 168 procedures carried out over a three-year period, a total of 9.5% of complications. Likewise, he cites, who, in a study of 1,030 laparoscopic urological procedures, found a total of 103 complications. Finally, they cite, who studied a total of 1,924 urological surgeries performed both lumboscopically and laparoscopically, where they found a complication rate of 22.4%. For many reasons use of simulators is a practical choice like Laparoscopic Trainer Box.
Benefits And Complications
Consequently, laparoscopic surgery is currently one of the most widely used procedures in the world, due to its multiple benefits; however, it is not exempt from some complications. Among the main ones, we have vascular and intestinal injuries and less frequent bladder and urethral injuries, hernias, infections, and even the change from laparoscopy to laparotomy.
The present investigation reviews and captures the description and some statistics of the main complications of laparoscopic surgery, as well as their classification and the risk factors that affect their appearance.
Materials And Methods
The present investigation develops using personal computers with an internet connection, to expose everything related to the complications of laparoscopic surgery, that is, that it is part of a documentary or bibliographical research design.
This research limits to the search and systematic review of accessible bibliographic material using various databases, among others; by which the best available evidence synthesizes.
Bibliographic Approach Material
A random and consecutive search carries out, using the expressions “Complications of laparoscopic surgery”, “Laparoscopic surgery”; “Laparoscopy” and “Minimally invasive surgery”, which resulted in approximately more than a hundred thousand bibliographic records, which filters under the criteria of language, relevance, thematic correlation, and date of publication in the last five years, without discarding by type of bibliographic material.
Finally, the scientific evidence collects reads and analyzed, resulting in the content of this investigation.
Classification System for Intraoperative and Early Postsurgical Complications
(2015) regarding the classification of laparoscopic surgery complications, state that, in 1992, Clavien and Dindo proposed a system that accepts and revised in 2004, which allows standardizing the terms regarding post-surgical complications.
This system consists of 5 grades: Grade I: those that cause deviation from the normal course of the postoperative period, however, do not require surgical, endoscopic, or radiological intervention; it only requires the administration of basic medications. Grade II: These cases require pharmacological care, total parenteral nutrition, or transfusion. For Grade III: These complications require surgical, radiological, or endoscopic intervention. Grade IV: These complications are those that require the patient to admit to an Intensive Care Unit. Grade V: it is the most serious degree of complications since they cause death.
This concept evolved together with the techniques and the different uses that gives to laparoscopic surgery until today. It currently uses both for examination and diagnosis as well as for the treatment of diseases.
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