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Anxiety : What is, Symptoms, Types, Causes, Treatment

What is Anxiety?

The term “anxiety” has probably been used often, but what does it mean to really experience it? Anxiety is a mental health condition characterized by persistent worry or extreme fear.

Everyone has moments of worry, but anxiety indicates that your problems severely disrupt your daily life.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), anxiety disorders are the most common mental health problem in the world, affecting 1 in 13 people globally.

As a result, if you’re experiencing one, know that you most surely are not alone. Anxiety affects women and young people more often than men.

which might be attributed to a number of variables. Despite the fact that women are twice as likely as men to get an anxiety diagnosis, 7.2% of children between the ages of 5 and 19 have an anxiety condition.

what signs of anxiety?

The symptoms of anxiety might vary depending on the diagnosis, however most anxiety issues have multiple or all of the symptoms mentioned below. People with generalized anxiety disorder most closely resemble the following signs and symptoms: (GAD).

physiological signs

  • feeling lightheaded or confused
  • experiencing heat or perspiration
  • increased heart rate
  • Fear occurs.
  • stomach and digestive system problems
  • fast breathing or hyperventilation
  • nausea or abdominal pain
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  • worn out and feeble.
  • Insomnia
  • changes to sex drive
  • Mental health issues:
  • feeling tense, worried, or furious
  • despair and a bad mood
  • a sense of impending peril or fear of the worst
  • thinking about problems continually
  • needing approval from others
  • a sense that everyone is looking at you
  • Derealization is a kind of disassociation in which a person feels disconnected from or disassociated from reality.
  • In a kind of disassociation known as depersonalization, a person has a sensation of disassociation from oneself, as if they are seeing themselves from the outside.
  • What primary forms of anxiety are there?
  • While there are many other types of anxiety disorders, we’ll concentrate on four of the more common ones in
  • this essay. For other anxiety-related conditions like OCD, PTSD, separation anxiety, and agoraphobia, we won’t go into as much detail here. For help and more information on these problems, go to Mind, a UK mental health support group.

Generalized anxiety disorder:

As GAD is the most common kind of anxiety, when people claim to have it, they often mean they have it. People with GAD often feel anxious and worried without necessarily being in a stressful situation. They often prepare for the worst-case scenario and find it difficult to control these negative feelings.

This anxiety has a bad effect on their daily life since it causes uncontrollable worry that makes it hard for them to focus on what they should be doing. Moreover, it could disrupt relationships, sleep, food, and job. Worries often include more than one aspect of a person’s life rather than simply one particular issue.

Social phobia:

Social anxiety disorder, often known as social phobia, is characterized by an intense fear of being in social situations and speaking in front of others. Even in situations that are often unsettling, a person with social anxiety may worry about being ridiculed, hurt, or condemned by others. They may feel quite uncomfortable being compelled to hang out with strangers or being in huge gatherings of people.

Social anxiety may most often appear while meeting new people, dating, delivering a speech in front of an audience, starting up a conversation, and eating in public. Despite the fact that some of these circumstances may not appear tense to someone without social anxiety, they might all be quite damaging for someone with social anxiety.

Anxiety disorder

While you’ve probably heard of panic attacks before, you may not be aware that frequent and unexpected panic attacks are a symptom of panic disorder, a mental health condition. Every panic attack could be terrible, which can significantly affect everyday living.

Panic attack symptoms including shaking, palpitations, hyperventilation, disorientation, and others may strike abruptly. The sufferers sometimes fear about passing out or dying and feel a paralyzing terror that paralyzes them. Because you cannot die from a panic attack, you should quit worrying. Simply stated, experiencing extreme anxiety may cause you to believe that you are in danger.

Avoiding behaviors or activities that could trigger a panic attack, worrying for a long time after a panic attack that it might happen again, and thinking that a panic attack is a symptom of a medical condition are some signs that you might have panic disorder (such as heart illness).


Despite the fact that having a fear of anything might sometimes be made fun of, phobias are a severe kind of anxiety disorder. When you are utterly afraid of anything, you will unjustifiably exaggerate any danger in your mind.

Without even having to be in close proximity, some people may experience intense fear or even a panic attack just by thinking about or viewing the phobic stimuli on a screen. Phobia patients often understand that their worries are baseless, yet this understanding frequently does not make them cease worrying.

Among the more common phobias are pteromerhanophobia (fear of flying), claustrophobia (aversion to small spaces), and entomophobia (fear of insects).

What triggers fear?
There isn’t even one clear cause for worry. Instead, a number of variables related to your personality, upbringing, and life circumstances often cause it. Below, we go into more detail about the potential causes of anxiety disorders.


Data suggests that if someone close to you struggles with anxiety, you are more likely to as well. A mixture of nature and environment may have contributed to this phenomenon, although there is some indication that genetics may have also had a role. A 2015 twin study found that having the RBFOX1 gene increased a person’s likelihood of developing GAD. A separate study from 2016 suggested that GAD, social anxiety disorder, and panic disorder may be related genetically.

The molecular causes of anxiety are also impacted by our brain chemistry, which is controlled by our genetics. According to a number of scientists, anxiety is a result of the brain’s neurotransmitters serotonin, dopamine, norepinephrine, and GABA being out of balance.

Despite the fact that this neurotransmitter has a big influence on mood, anxiety and sadness have been linked to low serotonin levels. Dopamine may alter energy levels and anxiety in a similar manner. Nevertheless, too much dopamine can also make one feel suspicious.

Norepinephrine imbalances may be dangerous since the body releases this hormone as part of the fight-or-flight response in reaction to stress. Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) also soothes the neurological system and guards against overstimulation of the brain. A 2003 study found that decreased GABA levels may contribute to anxiety.

Childhood experiences and trauma:

This is the case with the majority of mental health conditions, anxiety disorders may be caused by upsetting childhood memories or traumatic events in the past. In certain circumstances, such as the death of a loved one, a violent crime, or witnessing a terrible occurrence, this could be a single incident. As an alternative, recurrent negative occurrences like bullying or physical or emotional abuse may also trigger anxiety.

Under these circumstances, anxiety often emerges from your body and brain creating defense systems to deal with upsetting events in the past. The brain may begin to anticipate bad things, especially if there has been a pattern of unfavorable experiences. This anticipation may lead to continued anxiety and panic.

Keep in mind that anxiousness does not need require a particularly terrible event. If you can’t identify the cause of your anxiety, you shouldn’t assume that you’re overreacting to your feelings since many people with anxiety cannot.

Present life situation:

Anxiety could also be exacerbated by daily pressures. Even while they may not seem to be stressful, these actions might nonetheless be detrimental to mental health. Your current situation in life might include financial difficulties, marital problems, work stress, taking care of a loved one, or being laid off.

The stress of COVID-19 has dramatically raised anxiety, particularly among young people, and an epidemic is now happening on a global scale. Learn how you may assist children and teenagers who are now experiencing anxiety by enrolling in our course on Anxiety in Children and Young People at COVID-19. Furthermore, you may sign up for our course on the consequences of remote working if you’re struggling to balance your business and personal commitments while working from home.

Anxiety disorders are often brought on by physical illness or injury. The stress of maintaining a physical ailment may be quite exhausting, especially when you take into account the pain, financial strain, and increasing difficulties doing regular duties. To discover more about the relationship between mental and physical disease, take the Integrated Care: Depression, Anxiety, and Physical Illness course at King’s College London.

booze, drugs, and prescription medications:

Although there are instances in which a specific chemical or excessive alcohol may trigger or produce anxiety, there is sometimes a link between addiction or alcoholism and anxiety. Moreover, a number of medications intended to treat physical or mental diseases may have anxiety as a side effect. These are a few of these medications:


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  • Thyroid medication
  • medicine for ADD
  • Breathing in Medicine

How should I control my anxiety?

The techniques listed below may be used to help you manage your symptoms of anxiety. These methods won’t take the place of professional treatment, but they could provide you some relief when you need it.

mindfulness training and breathing exercises. There are many techniques you may use to relax yourself, and our mindfulness sessions will show you some of the more potent ones.

involving social connections, kinship, or leisure pursuits. Sometimes all we need is to spend time with someone we love or to participate in activities that divert our attention from troubling thoughts.

using self-care methods. Our preferred methods of relaxation include taking a bath, lighting candles, listening to calming music, and meditating.

Exercising. Exercise releases endorphins, which reduces stress even though it’s probably the last thing on your mind right now. Learn more about the therapeutic benefits of exercise with the aid of the online Exercise Prescription course offered by Trinity College Dublin.

maintaining a diary. You may use writing to convey your emotions, discuss your worries, and decide if your worries are rational. It might be really beneficial to put your thoughts in paper at times.

an early night’s sleep. The Sleep Deprivation: Habits, Solutions and Strategies Teach-Out course from the University of Michigan will help you improve your personal sleep, which is essential for maintaining mental health.

eating wholesome, balanced meals. As food is the real source of nourishment for our bodies, it may have a big impact on how we feel emotionally. See how eating could make you feel better psychologically by taking a nutrition course.

avoiding alcohol, drugs, and coffee. One of these items could be worth giving up as they can all have negative effects on your health and wellbeing. Caffeine may not appear unpleasant, but it may cause anxiety sufferers to feel unsettled and restless.

taking an online course on anxiety. If you want to learn more about anxiety, you may enroll in one of our fantastic anxiety courses or even suggest it to a friend or family member who already suffers from anxiety.

What are some possibilities for treating anxiety?

There are many wonderful therapeutic options for treating anxiety, which is something that many people do daily in therapy. The same thing won’t work for everyone, and sometimes, people need to combine various therapy to effectively treat their symptoms. The two primary techniques of treating anxiety are therapy and medication, and we’ll go through your possibilities below. Keep in mind that this is not an exhaustive list of examples.

Treatment for anxiety:

Cognitive and behavioral therapy (CBT). It is often used to treat depression and anxiety and is one of the most successful types of talking therapy. It aims to identify negative thinking patterns and stop them in order to change your beliefs and habits. To find out more about CBT’s function in treating anxiety, enroll in the Understanding Anxiety, Depression, and CBT course at the University of Reading.
using calming methods.  Recognizing situations that might potentially induce panic and understanding how to employ muscle relaxation techniques are necessary for helping the body calm down.
Medications for anxiety include:

It’s important to stress up front that not everyone experiences benefit with medication, and in certain circumstances, it may even make anxiety issues worse. You should talk to your doctor and stop taking it if it makes you feel worse.

This is a list of some of the most popular anti-anxiety medications:

Benzodiazepines are sedatives (tranquillisers). Notable benzodiazepines that are often recommended for short-term use include Xanax and Valium.

While these drugs provide quick relief from anxiety and panic attacks, they are very addictive.

Antidepressants. On the other hand, antidepressants are often safe for long-term use. While it may take six to eight weeks for antidepressants to start functioning, the risk of dependence and abuse is lower with antidepressants than with benzodiazepines.

They also have negative side effects, some of which may be quite incapacitating for certain people. Popular antidepressant examples include Prozac and Paxil.

Compared to benzodiazepines, beta-blockers are mild tranquilizers that act more gradually and don’t impair memory or coordination.

They take about two weeks to start working, and they don’t have the same sedative effect as drugs like Xanax. It works to alleviate by increasing serotonin levels and decreasing dopamine levels in the brain.
Observations at the end

We hope that this article has improved your knowledge about disorders so that you can help others who may be experiencing them or you yourself. Knowing your mental health inside and out is crucial to being able to look after yourself.

If you want to continue learning about and mental health, you may enroll in any of our many psychology and mental health courses.

If you suspect that you may have an disorder, don’t be reluctant to speak with a professional. Particularly in this day and age, we must prioritize our own health.

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