An Ultimate Guide to Industry Specific Risk

Systematic and unsystematic risk are the two basic forms of investment risk. Unsystematic risk is limited to a single industry, whereas systematic risk is the overall risk connected with the market. Systematic risk can only be avoided by completely avoiding market participation. On the other hand, unsystematic risk can be minimized by diversifying your portfolio across industries. In this write-up, you will learn about the most common types of unsystematic risks and examples of such risks in various industries.

Type of unsystematic risk:

  • Business risk

Due to internal or external factors, there is a risk to the company’s performance. For example, a management strategy (internal factor) can result in underperformance.

  • Operational risk

It’s the risk of underperformance as a result of operational activities. An example would be supply chain disruptions in a manufacturing company.

  • Financial risk

The risk of losing money on an investment or business venture is referred to as financial risk. Credit risk, liquidity risk, and operational risk are some of the more prevalent and diverse financial risks. 

  • Regulatory risk

Regulatory risk refers to the probability of a negative impact on a corporation as a result of changes in a specific industry’s regulatory environment. Financial services, communications, and power are all subject to this risk.


Examples of unsystematic risks in different industries

  • Cyclicality 

Cyclicality is a type of risk in the business world. Any business that is subject to cyclicality may see the performance fluctuate in sync with the economy. This indicates that if the economy is expanding, this industry will expand as well, but if the economy is down, this industry will collapse. The idea behind this correlation is that some things are only purchased when a consumer’s disposable income is high, but when their finances are limited, they may avoid such purchases because they are not a basic necessity. The downturn in cyclical industries is one of the first signs of an economic slowdown. As demonstrated in FY20, this is a common threat in the automotive industry.

  • Project risk 

Financial risk refers to the risk of project risk. When a firm invests in a project for expansion or as part of normal business operations (as in the case of infrastructure sectors), there is always the possibility that the project will fail to produce the expected outcomes. This risk is especially prevalent in capital-intensive businesses like infrastructure, where capital investment is require in large amounts.

  • Supply chain risk

A disruption in the supply chain in manufacturing is an operational risk.  It has a direct impact on the company’s operational activities, causing businesses to suffer as a result. Supply chain disruptions can be triggered by a variety of factors, including meteorological, political, and economic factors. A competent management team is required to lead the company out of such challenges.


To sum up, every industry carries some risk level. The best way to mitigate these risks as an investor is to diversify your portfolio across multiple businesses, with different weightings allocated to different industries depending on your risk appetite. You can start with the best bonds to invest in India.   The best way to get knowledge about industry-specific risk affecting your investment is to visit

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