Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled cysts that form inside or inside the ovaries. Many females develop ovarian cysts through their lifetime. Ovarian cysts, which are usually painless, are much more common and less severe. Laparoscopic Trainer.
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Most ovarian cysts are to be functional and disappear over time without treatment. However, some cysts can rupture, twist, grow large, and cause pain or complications.
ovary located on each side of the uterus. During each menstrual cycle, an egg emerges from an ovarian follicle and travels to the fertilized fallopian tubes. Once the egg expels into the ovary, the corpus luteum forms, which produces large amounts of estrogen and progesterone in preparation for conception.
The Different Types of Ovarian Cysts
Functional Ovarian Cysts
These are the most common ones. They see in women between puberty and menopause, because they link to menstrual cycles: 20% of these women have such funds if ultrasound performs. Only 5% of postmenopausal women have this type of functional cyst.
Functional cysts usually disappear spontaneously within a few weeks or after two or three menstrual cycles: 70% of functional cysts return in 6 weeks and 90% in 3 months. Any cyst lasting more than 3 months considered to no longer a functional cyst and analyzes. Functional cysts are more common in women who use progestin-only (estrogen-free) contraception.
Organic Ovarian Cysts (Inoperative)
They are harmless in 95% of cases. But they have cancer in 5% of cases. They are secret into four types:
Dermoid cysts may contain hair, skin, or teeth because they come from the cells that produce the human egg. They rarely have cancer.
Les cystadenomas Serous or mucinous stems arise from the ovarian tissue.
Cysts linked to endometriosis (endometriomas) with hemorrhagic content (these cysts contain blood).
With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Polycystic ovary syndrome called as polycystic ovary syndrome when a woman has multiple small cysts in the ovaries. Laparoscopic Trainer.
Can An Ovarian Cyst Be Complicated?
Cysts, when they do not go away on their own, can lead to various complications. The ovarian cyst can:
A rupture, in which case fluid leaks into the peritoneum causing severe pain and sometimes bleeding. He undergoes surgery.
With a twist (cyst twist), the cyst twists on itself, causing the tube and arteries to rotate, pinching, reducing, or stopping circulation, causing severe pain and lack of oxygen to the ovary. This is an emergency surgery to attach the ovary to prevent it from suffering from overgrowth or necrosis (in this case, its cells die due to lack of oxygen). This phenomenon occurs especially in large cysts or cysts with a very thin pedicle. The woman feels a sharp, strong, endless pain, often associated with nausea and vomiting.
Bleed: This may be an intra-cystic hemorrhage (sudden pain) or an extra-cystic peritoneal hemorrhage (like a cyst rupture). Priori laparoscopic surgery also uses.
Compression of neighboring organs. It occurs when the cyst becomes larger. This may result in constipation (intestinal compression), frequent urination (compression of the bladder) or compression of the veins (edema).
You will become infected. This calls an ovarian infection. It may occur after cyst rupture or after cyst puncture. Surgery and antibiotic treatment require.
Forcing Caesarean section in case of pregnancy. During pregnancy, complications from ovarian cysts become more common.
How To Diagnose Ovarian Cyst?
Because cysts are usually painless, a cyst diagnosis often makes during regular pelvic examination. Some cysts see on palpation during vaginal examination when they are large enough.
Scanning allows him to visualize and determine its precise size, shape, and location.
Radiography sometimes allows you to see cyst-related calculations (in the case of a dermoid cyst).
An MRI requires for a large cyst (greater than 7 cm)
A laparoscope allows you to see the appearance of the cyst, puncture it or make excision of the cyst.
A blood test detects pregnancy.
An assay for a protein, CA125 makes, and this protein is more present in certain ovarian cancers, uterine fibroids, or endometriosis.
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